SEO stands for ¡°search engine optimization.¡± It is the process of getting traffic from the ¡°free,¡± ¡°organic,¡± ¡°editorial¡± or ¡°natural¡± search results on search engines. All major search engines such as Google, Bing and Yahoo have primary search results, where web pages and other content such as videos or local listings are shown and ranked based on what the search engine considers most relevant to users. Payment isn¡¯t involved, as it is with paid search ads.
this video from www.youtube.com.
spidering, indexing, searching
How does Google search work?
Webspam Content Violations how google index your site.